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History - Durban (Port Natal)  

Durban lies in the Province of KwaZulu-Natal which is the ancestral home of the Nguni people. Probably the first European to have sight of the bay around which Durban was to develop was Vasco De Gama on his pioneering sea voyage to India in 1497. There were other brief visits to Durban, mainly by shipwrecked sailors, but nothing of real importance happened for centuries. The European settlement of South Africa began in Cape Town in 1652 with the arrival of Jan Van Riebeeck to provide a half way halt for ships of the Dutch East Indian Company. It subsequently fell under British rule and it was from Cape Town in 1823 that Captain Owen of the Royal Navy sailed, being charged with a survey of the southeast coastline. A favourable report was made of the Bay as being the best site to establish a port to trade with the local Nguni. A trading company was floated in Cape Town which received the blessing of the Governor of the Cape, and in 1824 about 30 Europeans settled in Durban with the purpose of trading in skins and ivory.  

At this time all the Nguni tribes had been united under Shaka who was the King of the Zulus. Shaka had great powers of leadership, was a brilliant military tactician but was ruthless to his enemy. When the White traders arrived there were very few black tribes between the Tugela River to the north and the Umzimvubu River to the south. In the Durban area there were about 200 refugees from the Luthuli clan who lived on the headland to the south of the Bay referred to as the Bluff. 

The party of Europeans made immediate contact with Shaka who granted them a section of land of about 35 kilometres along the coast and 160 kilometres inland. The small settlement barely survived and by the end of 1824 only six were left. This number gradually increased over the years until in 1835 seventeen men gathered at the home of F. Berkel for a meeting under the chairmanship of Captain Alan Gardiner who had established a mission which he named Berea. At this meeting it was decided to name the small settlement D'Urban after Sir Benjamin D'Urban who was Governor of the Cape Colony at that time. (Photograph shows Indian labourers cutting sugar cane)  

In 1838 Dingane, who had succeeded Shaka in 1828 gave all the territory between the Tugela River and the Umzimkulu River to Boers who were people mainly of Dutch descent who had trekked overland from the Cape to escape British rule and were looking for land to farm. They established their capital in Pietermaritzburg, about 90 kilometres inland from Durban. The Boer Republic of Natalia was founded and Durban was considered part of it.  

Tension between Boer and Brit reached a head when Captain Smith was sent to Durban with a small force of soldiers with instructions to keep the peace between the Zulus and the Boers. This was resisted by the Boers and the small British force was defeated by them at the Battle of Congella and besieged in their camp. There followed an epic ride by Dick King who undertook the journey on horseback to Grahamstown, in the Cape Colony nearly one thousand kilometres to the south to call for reinforcements. In little over a month the siege was lifted, by 1844 the Boer Republic of Natalia was annexed to the Cape and named the Colony of Natal. Most of the Boers left to settle further into the interior of South Africa.  

From 1849 to 1851 over 4000 British settlers came to Natal under a scheme which was devised by Joseph Byrne. There were many businessmen amongst them and from this time onwards the small village of Durban began to progress. Shortly after this event it was found that sugar was a suitable and profitable crop to grow and the development was rapid. It was this development which prompted the Province to import labourers from India and these in turn were followed by traders. Today their descendents form a very important part of the Durban citizenry. In 1854 the settlement was granted borough status and the first Mayor and Council were elected. By the end of the century Durban had electric lighting, water borne sewerage, water reticulation and hardened roads. The harbour which had caused problems because of the low clearance on entry was finally dredged to sufficient depth to allow large ships entry and from this time onwards Durban progressed to become Africa's largest port. 

Although Durban was originally founded as a port to trade with the people of KwaZulu-Natal it was fortuitous that gold was discovered in Gauteng (previously known as the Transvaal) in 1886 and it served as a port for the ever increasing population of the hinterland. The first railway line in South Africa was laid out in Durban in 1860 linking the port with the town. During the remainder of the century the railway system was extended and by 1895 the line had reached Johannesburg which was the centre of the gold mining industry. There were also lines to the Free State and to the north and south of Durban. Not only were these lines important for the movement of goods but they also served many passengers and Durban became important as a holiday resort, a position it has retained ever since.  

Towards the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century many industries came to Durban. There were industries that were port related such as marine engineering works and stevedoring companies. It was found at that time that Durban was advantageously situated for the manufacture of paint. The long sea haul from England was economical for the importation of many paint components and the shortest route to the major market at Johannesburg was another advantage. 

The discovery of coal in the Dundee area of KwaZulu-Natal was a boost to the railway service and enabled Durban to become a major port for the bunkering of ships. The construction of the Maydon Wharf in 1905 increased the capacity of the port still further and the dry dock which was installed shortly thereafter added a further dimension to the port. Today Durban is a very well equipped harbour and the main container port for South Africa. 

The population of Durban has always been augmented by the arrival of military personnel during times of war who elect to stay on thereafter. This happened after the Zulu War of 1879, the War of Independence in 1881, the Boer War of 1899-1902 and the two World Wars. Some of these soldiers turned out to be prominent citizens in subsequent years.  

Mainly with the advent of the railways, a number of villages sprang up around Durban. Some of them on higher ground or in attractive coastal areas became fashionable residential suburbs and by 1932 the density of the population around Durban's boundaries made it logical to incorporate these areas. With this incorporation the surface area of Durban increased almost sixfold and in 1935, one hundred years after the name of Durban was decided on, the town was granted City status. 

During the 20th century, the City has witnessed a large increase in industry and a corresponding addition in the unskilled and semi-skilled labour force. From about 1930 onwards this led to an unplanned development of shacks and other dwellings in open spaces around the periphery of Durban. From about 1960 onwards the city responded with a vigorous housing programme which has resettled many of these workers in formal homes in townships around Durban. The apartheid policy of resettlement and the impact it had on city form cannot be ignored. An electric train service is provied to the townships.  

From 1996 Durban has once again been enlarged to form a Durban Metropolitan Area which contains over 2.3 million people and which is divided into a series of sub-structures that have independent status. 

See original article by Peter Johnston 


Old Station Building.  

The Building was built in 1892 as the main railway station house in the city centre. It is particularly interesting because its roof will support at least five meters (16 feet) of snow. This is attributed to the confusion of the architects in London, whose staff sent the Toronto Station roof plans to Durban in error. Toronto got the Durban plans and their station collapsed during the first bad winter. 

A bust of Gandhi stands inside the front door to commemorate his purchasing a first class train ticket to Johannesburg in June 1893. On the way to Pietermaritzburg someone on the train complained that there was a non-white in the first class section and he had to forcibly removed from the train at Pietermaritzburg. He had been separated from his luggage and spent a very cold night in a shed and it is said that this is where he formulated his philosophies on Satyagraha or passive resistance. 

Today the building houses Tourist Junction, the tourist information centre for Durban. 

Tourist Junction, 160 Pine Street, Durban. 
Tel: 304 4934. 

Durban City Hall. 

The City Hall was established in 1910 and was designed by Stanley Hudson who was inspired by the City Hall of 
Belfast, Northern Ireland and replicated it. The style is Edwardian neo-baroque architecture. The building is decorated 
with several allegorical sculptures representing Arts, Music, Literature, Commerce and Industry. 

The building houses the Durban Museum, Art Gallery, Library and Municipal Council Offices. 

City Hall, West Street, Durban City Centre. 
Tel: 300 6911. 

The Old Fort Road. 

The old Fort was constructed in 1842 from earth by the troops of Captain Thomas Smith, who marched into Durban 
to show a British presence in the face of the intention of the Dutch farmers to establish a republic in Natal. In 1858 
the facilities were expanded to include an armoury and barracks, and troops remained in occupation until the end of the 

Durban HomePage - The Durban Experience 

British Settlers in Natal, South Africa; 1824 - 1857  
by Shelagh O'Byrne Spencer 

Expert Genealogical Research on the first wave of British Immigration to Natal  

Families Covered - A to G  
Abbot to Ayres - Babbs to Bolton - Bond to Byrne - Cadle to Coventry - Coward to Dykes  Eagle to Fyvie - Gadney to Guy 

Abbot to Ayres - Abbott, George - Abbott, John Henry - Abbott, Thomas - Ablett, William Henry - Acutt, Julianna - Acutt, Robert - Acutt, William Hayes - Adams, Charles - Adams, George - Adams, Henry - Adams, Isaac - Adams, John - Adams, John Corbett - Adams, William (born c. 1820) - Adams, William (born c. 1823) - Adams, William (born c. 1824) - Adock, Joseph - Addison, Thomas - Addison, Dr William Henry - Adlam, Joseph - Agar, Charles Artemus - Aitchison, James Carmichael - Aitchison, John Murray - Aitken, Robert - Akerman, Sir John William - Alborough, William - Alder, Charles - Alder, John Williams - Aldrich, George - Aldridge, Dr Charles Miller - Alison, Frederic William - Allan, John - Allan, Thomas - Allanson, George - Allen, James - Allen, Philip - Allen, William Hill - Allerston, Alfred - Allerston, William - Allerston, William Francis - Allison, Albert Bidden - Allison, Revd James - Allison, John - Allison, John Thurlow - Alston, Edmund - Anderson, A.T. (alias) see Thomson, Andrew - Anderson, Alexander - Anderson, James - Anderson, John (born 1812) - Anderson, John (born 1816) - Anderson, Robert (labourer) - Anderson, Robert (born c. 1818) - Anderson, William (born 1790) - Anderson, William (born c. 1818) - Anderson, William (born c. 1818 Glasgow) - Anderson, William (born c. 1823) - Anderson, William Henry - Anderson, William Pringle - Andrade, A.F. - Andrews, George - Andrews, John of Valsch River - Andrews, John (born c. 1820) - Andrews, John E. - Ansell, Henry - Anstee, Alfred - Anstie, John - Anstie, Paul - Arbuckle, William - Arbuthnot, David Carnegy - Arbuthnot, George - Arbuthnot, James - Archbell, Revd James - Archer, George - Archer, James William - Archibald, Walter James - Armstrong, Francis - Armstrong, John - Armstrong, Dr William - Armstrong, William - Arnold, Henery - Arnold, Thomas - Ashford, Frederick - Ashley, Thomas - Ashmore, Felix George - Ashmore, Joseph George - Ashton, Charles - Ashton, Charles John - Ashton, Henry Prior - Ashton, Richard Bury or Berry - Ashton, James - Ashton, Sarah Hannah - Atherton, John - Athrelpho, William - Atkinson, John (ex Herald) - Atkinson, John (born c. 1802) - Attwood, Charles - Attwood, George - Austen, George William - Austen, Mary Orpah - Austin, John Bird Sumner - Austin or Austen, William - Avison, John - Ayres, John 

Babbs to Bolton - Babbs, Robert - Badger, Jonathan - Baguley, Edward - Bailey, Thomas - Bailie, John - Baker, Ann - Baker, Helen - Baker, Henry - Baker, Hughbert - Baker, Richard - Baker, Thomas (born c. 1818) - Baker, Thomas (born c. 1827) - Baker, Thomas Brenchley - Bakewell, George - Balcomb, Benjamin - Balderston, George - Balderston, Richardson - Bale, William Ebrington - Balland, Robert - Balloch, Archibald Smith - Banger, Henry John - Baragwanath, John - Barber, Frederick George - Barber, William - Barclay see O'Hara - Barker, H.L. - Barker, Revd Joseph - Barker, Thomas - Barker, William - Barkeway, Hannah and Mary - Barnett, John Brown - Barns, Robert John - Barr, Matthew - Barrett, Eliza Mary - Barrett, Henry Joseph - Barrett, John Edwin - Barrett, William - Barrington, William Sutton - Barrow, Edward William - Barter, Catherine (Charlotte) - Barter, Charles - Bartholomew, William - Bartlett, Robert H. - Barton, David - Bascombe, Henry - Baseley, John - Basingwhite, John Stone - Batchelor, William Batt - Batho, William Fothergill - Batt, Charles - Baugh, Revd Walter - Baxter, John - Bayly, Harry Darke - Baynes, Richard - Bazley see Baseley - Beachcroft, Henry George - Beale, James - Beard, Joseph James - Beater, Mrs Mary Jane (born Acutt) - Beaumont, George - Beaumont, Samuel - Beckam, Robert - Beckwith, William - Bedham, R. - Beech, Archibald - Bell, (ex Elizabeth Jane) - Bell, Alexander Dalrymple - Bell, Alfred - Bell, Charles Tebbut - Bell, Francis - Bell, James - Bell, Revd James Glendinning - Bell, William - Bell, William Douglas - Bellars, E. - Benge, John (ex Emily) - Benge, John (ex John Line) - Beningfield, Alfred - Beningfield, Samuel - Beningfield, Thomas Ratcliff - Bennee, Edward Donald - Bennett, Henry - Bennett, Jemima/Jane - Bennett, Dr Joseph Henry - Bennett, Randle Fs*lsch - Bennitt, William - Benson, Robert - Bentley, George - Berrington, George - Berry, John - Berry, Peter - Berry, Thomas Robert William - Bertram, Dixon - Bevan, Emma - Bevan, Revd James William - Bevan, John - Bevan, William - Beveridge, Thomas - Biddle, Thomas - Biddlecomb, George - Biggar, Alexander Harvey - Bilborough, George - Bilham, James Joseph - Bingham, Richard Francis - Bingham, Thomas - Bird, Edward - Bird, Henry - Bird, John (born 1815) - Bird, John (born c. 1818) - Birkett, George - Bishop, Frederick William - Bishop, George - Bishop, John - Bishop, Samuel Webb - Blackborough, Mrs Mary Alice - (born Royston) - Blacker, John - Blackwood, James - Blade, Laurence - Blagbrough see Blackborough - Blaine, Dr Benjamin - Blake, George - Blake, William - Blakey, Henry - Blamey, John Cardell - Blandy, Samuel - Blood, Neptune - Bloy, Francis Richard - Blundell, Thomas - Boag, John - Boast, Dr Charles Bird - Boast, David - Boast, Henry (born 1816) - Boast, Henry (born 1823) - Boast, William - Boddy, Thomas - Bodien, Richard G. - Bodington, Dr George Fowler - Bolt, Charles - Bolt, Elizabeth (Mrs Edward ?Mitchell or ?Charles Du Pont) - Bolt, Henry - Bolton, James 

Bond to Byrne - Bond, Thomas (born c. 1822) - Bone, Thomas Rundell/Rundle - Boocock, William - Booklass/Bookless, Robert - Booth, William - Borain, Valentine - Botterill, Edwin - Botterill, Thomas - Bottomley, George (born 1826) - Bottomley, George Frederick (born c. 1811) - Bottrell or Bottrill, William Dawson - Boultbee, Richard Joseph - Boulton, Charles - Boulty, Denham Denny - Bound, Charles - Bourke, John - Bousfield, (ex John Line) - Bowen, John Webb - Bowen, Mrs Melesina (born Clay) - Bower, Walter - Bowes, Alfred John Cecil - Bowes, Thomas Jennings - Bowness, Henry - Bowser, George - Boyd, John - Boyes, John - Boylen or Brady, Sarah (Mrs Andrew Johnstone) - Boyles, George - Boyne, Robert - Bradley, James - Bradley, Rachel (Mrs John William Harris) - Bradshaw, Thomas - Brady, Bernard (alias) see Jones, Thomas - Brady, Sarah see Boylen, Sarah - Brailsford, Edward L. - Braithwaite, Charles J. or Constantine John - Braithwaite, John - Brambles, George - Bramwell, George or W.H. - Brander, Alexander - Brandon see also Brennan - Brandon, (ex Borneo) - Branigan, John - Branwhite, Henry B. - Brayhirst, Thomas Vicar - Brearey, Thomas - Brede or Breede, William - Breede, Xavier Robert - Brennan or Brandon, Thomas - Brenton, Henry - Brewer, Jonah William - Brickhill, James - Brickhill, Joseph Chatterley - Bricklebanks, John - Brickwell, John D. - Bridge, Alfred - Bright, Alfred - Bright, Jane (Mrs George Chapman) - Bristow, Charles - Brittain, James - Britten or Britton, William - Broad, James - Brocklehurst, James Shelton - Brockman, Henry - Brockman, Joseph - Brockman, William - Brodie, Alexander - Brodie, Francis - Brodie, James - Brodie, Robert - Bromwich, Dr Bryan I'Anson - Brooke, Richard Sarly - Brooker, James - Brooking, Dr Benjamin - Brooks, Emily (Mrs Henry James Meller) - Brooks, John Harold - Brough, Richard - Broughall, Ann (Mrs Charles Wakelin) - Broughton, Richard - Brown, (ex Bellona) - Brown, Mrs Elizabeth - Brown, George Beale - Brown, James - Brown, John (born c. 1818) alias Nero, Giovanni - Brown, John (born c. 1824) merchant, Durban - Brown, John (born c. 1830) - Brown, John, beershop-keeper, Pietermaritzburg - Brown, John, sailor on the Pilot - Brown, Joseph (alias) see Bird, Edward - Brown, Mrs Mary - Brown, William - Brown, William (ex Trent) see Gillitt, William - Browne, Hugh Junot - Browne, Robert - Brownfield, Ann - Browning, Edwin - Bruce, George - Brundell, Richard S. - Brunton, Walter - Brunyee, John - Bryan, Annette see Cheesebrough - Bryan, Dr Humphry Aram - Bryan, James - Bryan, Patrick see Burn, Patrick - Bryant, John Reynolds - Bryant, William Reynolds - Buchanan, David Dale - Buchanan, Ebenezer - Buck, Charles Samuel - Buckley, (ex Bellona) - Buerdsell see Clough - Buist, David Aytoun Lindsay - Bull, James Allen Ralph - Bull, John - Bull, Samuel Storer - Bullock, Heselton - Burchmore, Thomas - Burge, Mrs Margaret (later Mrs Andrew Muirhead) - Burgess, William (born c. 1810) - Burgess, William (born c. 1833) - Burgess, William Henry - Burman, Thomas Abraham - Burn, Burns, Bryan or Byrne, Patrick - Burne, John - Burns, James - Burrell, Joseph - Burrell, William - Burridge, William - Burrow, Daniel - Burrows, William - Burrup, Joseph - Burt, Henry E. - Burton, Charles Percival - Burwash, Alfred - Bush, Thomas - Bushby, Anne E. and Jabez L. see also Cheesebrough - Bushby, Robert - Bussell, William Torry - Butcher, Samuel - Butler, Ellen - Butler, Emma Henrietta Arabella (Mrs Charles Barter) - Butler, John Patrick - Butler, Samuel - Buttery, Thomas - Button, James Clark - Buxton, Edmund - Byrne, John - Byrne, Thomas 

Cadle to Coventry - Cadle, George Ellis - Caile, James - Cain, Mrs Harriett - Cairns, Bernard see Kearns, Bernard - Caldecott, Alphonso Torkington - Calder, John - Calder, Robert - Caldwell, Christopher - Caldwell, Henry - Callaway, Revd Henry - Calverley, James - Calvert, Ralph - Cameron, Charles Duncan - Cameron, John McKenzie - Cameron, William Alexander - Campbell, Edward (ex Lalla Rookh) - Campbell, Edward (born c. 1819) - Campbell, Henry Mandison - Campbell, John (alias) see Inkson, John - Campbell, Joseph - Campbell, Mary Ann (Mrs William Newlands) - Campbell, Robert - Campbell, Roderick - Campbell, Revd William - Campbell, William John - Campkin, Thomas - Cane, John - Canham, Benjamin - Canning, Isaac - Cannon, Eliza Ann - Cannon, John - Carbutt, Thomas Munro - Carden, Thomas - Carman, Charles W. - Carnegy, Patrick Adrian - Carpenter, Eliza - Carr, Benjamin - Carr, Isaac Humphreys - Carruthers, Joseph Swan - Carruthers, Robert - Carter, Isaac - Carter, James Owen - Carter, Jane (Mrs David Nolan) - Carter, Robert - Carter, William - Cartwright, Sampson Edward - Cass, Thomas - Cato, Christopher Joseph - Cato, George Christopher - Cato, John Pearson - Cato, Orlando William - Cato, Thomas Pearson - Catterall, James - Cavill, Henry - Cessford, (ex Wanderer) - Chadwick, John Moore Knighton - Challinor, Edwin James - Challinor, George - Chambers, George - Chambers, Henry - Chambers, William - Champion, Thomas James - Chandler, John - Channell, George - Chaplin, William - Chapman, George see Bright, Jane - Chapman, John Jex - Chapman, Richard - Chapman, Thomas 

ChappZ* de L?onval, Paul Laffitte - Charteris, John Charles - Chatterton, Henry - Cheesebrough, John - Chessor, James H. - Chessor, William - Chester, John - Chester, Robert - Chew, Hannah (Mrs James Miller) - Chick, John - Chilcott, Sarah Ann or Salvia Ann - Chisholm, Alexandrina Ross Suter (Mrs E.R. Dixon) - Chisholm, Andrew D. - Chisholm, John - Chivers, James - Christie, James - Christopher, Joseph Steer - Christopher, Dr William - Churchill, Frank - Churchill, Joseph Fleetwood - Churchill, Marianne Julia (Mrs Hugh Gillespie) - Chuter, William - Clarence, Arthur Frederick - Clarence, Lucy Louisa - Clarence, Ralph - Clark, Andrew - Clark, Charles - Clark, John (born 1808) of Mount Pleasant, York - Clark, John (born c. 1828) - Clark, William Gordon - Clark, William J. - Clarke, Josiah - Clarkson, Francis - Clarkson, Robert - Clarkson, Sarah see Cass - Claybourn, Charles - Clayton, Frederick - Cleghorn, James - Clift, Thomas B. - Clough, Mrs Priscilla Buerdsell - Clouston, Thomas - Clowes, Stanfell - Coakes, Charles John - Coakes, Henry - Coats, John - Cock, Charles - Cockburn, John Montague - Cockerell, Alfred Sydney - Cogan, William - Colborne, Joseph Samuel - Colborne, Richard Lemon - Colburn or Colborn, Charles - Cole, Jacob - Cole, James - Coleman, Patrick - Coleman, Robert - Colenso, John William, Bishop of Natal - Coles, William Frederick - Colley, James - Colley, William Edwards - Collier, Charles - Collier, Edward - Collins, Daniel James - Collins, William Millward - Collis, James - Comins, Mrs Jane - Compston, Robert C. - Compton, George - Compton, Joseph - Comrie, James - Connelley, John - Conolly, Bridget - Conolly, Thomas - Cook, Nicholas Thomas John - Cook, William (a wheelwright) - Cook, William (born 1833) - Cooke, Cuthbert - Cooke, Henry William - Cooke, Joseph - Cookson, Edward - Coombes or Coombs, Thomas - Coombs, Daniel - Cooper, John - Cooper, Thomas - Cooper, William - Cope, George Augustus - Cope, Henry - Cope, Thomas Spencer - Copeland, John - Corbett, Francis - Corbitt, Edward - Cordeaux see Cordukes - Cordukes, Samuel - Corish, Richard - Corlett, George - Corlett, William James - Cornwall, William - Cosons or Crowsen, Jabez - Cossar, George W. - Costar, Richard - Cottam, William John - Cottier, John - Cotton, John - Coulson, Brian - Coventry, Dr John 

Coward to Dykes - Coward, Edward - Coward, Joseph - Cowey, Henry - Cowey, Mary Ann - Cowey, William - Cowie, Mary see Cowey, Mary Ann - Cowie, William - Cox, George John - Cox, Moses Savery - Coyle, John - Craig, Francis - Craig, John - Craig, William - Crampton, James alias Leech, James Crampton - Crane, John - Craw, James - Crawley, Henry Charles - Cresswell, Thomas - Crew, Joseph A. - Cridge, Ellen Maria (Mrs William Lovatt) - Crocker, John - Crocker, William - Crompton, Revd John Lake - Crossley, William - Crouch, John - Crouch, William - Crowder, Samuel - Crowly, Eugene Isidore Bernard - Crowly, Theodore George Wagner - Crown, John - Crowsen see Cosons - Cruickshank, James - Cruikshank, (ex Bellona) - Cubitt, John - Cullen, Ann (Mrs Laurence Blade) - Cullen, William - Cullingworth, Jeremiah - Cumberland, William - Cunningham, William - Curle, Andrew - Curly, William Fitzpatrick see Nolan, William Fitzpatrick (alias) - Curren or Curran, Patrick - Currie, Henry William - Curry, George - Cuthbert, John - Dacomb, Charles - Dacomb, Joseph - Dacomb, William - Daddy, John - Daggett, Thomas - Dales, William - Dallas, John - D'Almaine, William Hewson - Dalton, Edmond - Dalton, Henry - Dand, Thomas - D'Anneley, John Blois - Darby, William Henry - Dare, Edward George Money - Dare, John - Dare, William Charles - Darling, Joseph - Darter, George Blackford Silver - Dathan, John N. - Davenport, Thomas - Davidson, Duncan see Duncan, George William - Davidson, John - Davidson, Peter Patrick Johnston - Davies, George - Davies, Henry - Davies, John - Davies, Richard - Davies, William (born c. 1816) - Davies or Davey, William (born c. 1830) - Davis, Frederick William - Davis, George - Davis, John Henry - Davis, Peter - Davis, Thomas - Davis, Revd William Jefferd - Dawes, C.H. - Dawkins, William Laycon - Dawney, Robert - Dawson, Alfred Francis alias - Francis, Alfred - Dawson, Frederick - Day, John - Day, William - Deane, Arthur Ussher - Deane, James - Deane, William - Deane, William R. - Dearlove, Joseph Avery - Deer, Thomas Williams - Deighton, Seymour - Deighton, William Henry - Delmore, William - Dench, Charlotte - Denize, John - Denning, Henry Wilford - Dennis, Charles Clay - Devereux, Lewis Edward - Devereux, Lionel - Devey, Edward - Devey, George - Devine, John Norris - Devlin, Henry - Devonshire, Alfred - Dicken, William - Dickens, Woolstan - Dickinson, Beverley - Dickinson, Charles Hammond - Dickinson, Robert William - Dicks, Joseph W. - Dickson, Revd Robert - Dilks, Robert - Dimock, Mrs Catherine Emily - Dimock, Frederick - Dimock, Dr George - Dineley, Henry - Dingley, James George - Distin, John - Dixon, Charlotte Elizabeth (Mrs James Grosvenor) - Dixon, Edward Ross - Dixon, Henry Lincolne - Dixson or Dixon, William Boddy - Dobson, Thomas - Dobson, William Grayson - Doggett or Doggatt, Edward B. - Doig, John Duff - Dolphin, Thomas - Donaldson, James - Donaldson, John Malcolm - Donoghue, Richard - Dore, William - Douglas, John - Dove, John - Dow, William - Dowbiggin, John - Dowling, George Roach - Down, Thomas - Downey, Francis - Downs, George - Downs, Wilham Parker - Doyle, Denis - Drake, Spencer French - Draper, George J. - Drew, George - Dreyer, Arnd C. - Dring, William - Drummond, Alexander - Dryden, James - Du Bois, James - Duff, John - Duff, Thomas - Duff, William - Duffy, George or John or Richard - Duigan, Michael - Duncan, George William - Duncombe, Robert - Duncum, Joseph - Dunhill, Elizabeth Jane - Dunken or Dunkin, John - Dunlop, John - Dunlop, John William - Dunn, Robert Newton - Dunning, Francis - Dunning, Henry - Dunstan, Eliza (Mrs William Cooper) - Du Pont, Edward ?Mitchell or ?Charles - Duprey, Peter - Durham, Edward James - Dyer, James Greening - Dykes, Alexander - Dykes, John - Dykes, Philip 

Eagle to Fyvie - Eagle, James - Eagle, Dr John Nunn - Eagleston, Thomas - Eaglestone, Gabriel - Eary, George - Eastwood, Arthur William - Eastwood, Francis Edmund - Eastwood, George Frederick - Eastwood, Henry Charles - Eaton, John George - Eaynor, Stephen - Eccles, William - Eckersley, John - Eckroyd, James - Eckroyd, John - Edgar, John - Edge, John - Edlin, William Brampton - Edmonds, William Conway - Edmonstone, Charles Waterton - Edser, Davis - Edwards, Frederic Nelson - Edwards, Frederick John - Edwards, Frederick Lewis - Edwards, John Wheatland - Edwards, Richard - Edwards, Robert H. - Edwards, William - Ellerker, Joseph - Ellerker, Thomas - Elliot, James - Elliott, John Wilkinson - Elliott, Robert - Elliott, William - Ellis, Edmund - Ellis, Elizabeth - Ellis, Helen - Ellis, Henry - Ellis, James - Ellis, Thomas - Ellis, William (Frank) - Elston, James Reuben - Ely, James - Emerson, William Arthur Harrison - Emmanuel, Mark - Emmett, Joseph - Emmett, Dr William Dickinson - Ennals, James - Erwood, Thomas Snelson - Etty, Charles W. - Evans, Alfred Winter - Evans, James - Evans, Joseph - Evans, Thomas - Exall, Henry - Falcon, John C. - Fannin, Thomas Eustace - Fanning, James - Farewell, Lt. Francis George - Farley, James - Farre, Henry William Richard - Favell, Benjamin - Fayers, James - Fayle, Thomas - Fea, Thomas - Fearne, Revd Thomas Gleadow - Fearnsides, David - Feilden, John Leyland - Fell, Arden - Fell, William Cotton - Felton, George - Fenaby, William - Fender, Andrew - Fenton, William Henry - Ferguson, Archibald - Ferguson, Joseph - Ferguson, Robert - Ferrier, Andrew - Fettyplace, John - Few, Edward - Few, Joseph - Field, Barbara (Mrs G.F. Rethmann) - Field, Edwin Meckley - Field, John - Field, John Coote - Field, John Hall - Field, William - Field, William Swan - Field, William Wheeler - Fielder, Thomas - Fincent, Fanny see Vincent, Fanny - Findlay, Francis H. - Finer, Joseph - Finnemore, Isaac Powell - Finnis, William - Fisher, Edward - Fisher, Henry Holmes - Fisher, William - Flatt, Edward - Flay, Ephraim - Fleming, Horace - Fleming, John - Fletcher, Edward - Flood, Hugh Henry a - Flooks, John George - Florey, Charles - Floyd, George - Foden, Alfred - Foggitt, Mark - Foggitt, Mary (Mrs Robert Raw) - Foley, John Melville alias Melville, John - Foord, James - Foot, Joseph - Forbes, Alexander - Forbes, Alexander Rhind - Forbes, David - Forbes, John - Ford, James - Ford, William Huntington - Forde, Jeremiah - Fordham, John - Fordham, Octavius - Forman, James - Forrest, John - Forsyth, Robert - Fosbrooke, Thomas - Foss, Ambrose - Foster, Ethelred (Mrs Henry Milner) - Foster, John (ex John Line) - Foster, John (ex Nile) - Foster, Peter - Foster, Thomas - Foster, William - Fowler, James - Fowler, Robert a Born Stafford but never used this surname in Natal. See also Talbot - Fowler, Thomas J. - Fox, James - Fox, William - Foxley, James - Foxon, Edwin Augustus King Cock - Frances, Henry Vernon Lyttleton - Francis, Alfred (alias) see Dawson, Alfred Francis - Francis, Henry - Francis, James Osborne - Francis, John - Frankish, Mark - Franklin, George - Franklin, John - Fraser, Charles - Fraser, George - Fraser, John - Fraser, John Moir - Fraser, William Archibald - Freeman, George French - French, Dr Edwin - Freshwater, George - Friday, Samuel John - Fuller, Frederick Augustus - Fuller, Henry - Fuller, James - Fulton, Henry - Furnival, John G. - Fynn, Alfred - Fynn, Francis - Fynn, Henry Francis - Fynn, William McDowell - Fynney, Augustus - Fynney, Fielding Best - Fysh, Charles - Fysh, John - Fyvie, Charles Duff - Fyvie, James Robert - Fyvie, John Bell 

Gadney to Guy - Gadney, William - Gain, George - Galbraith, Dr John Murray - Gale, Henry John - Galley, Thomas - Galliers, William - Gallon, Robert - Galloway, John - Galloway, Thomas William - Gallwey, Sir Michael Henry - Gamble, John - Garbutt, David - Garbutt, Robert - Gardiner, Capt. Allen Francis - Gardiner, Charles - Gardiner, William Henry - Garland, Thomas William - Garner, Richard Crozier - Garner, William Knowles - Garnett, Robert - Garrod, William - Gaskell, Thomas - Gaskell, William M. - Gaskin, Revd Joseph - Gassiott, Henry S. - Gavin, David - Gavin, George - Gavin, John - Gavis, John - Geddes, Walter George - Gee, James - Gee, Stephen - Geldart, James R. - George, Adam alias George, Alfred - George, Charles - George, William - Ghee, William Henry Spencer - Gibbons, Thomas - Gibbons, William - Gibson, (ex Elizabeth Jane) - Gibson, (ex Wilhelmina) - Gibson, Archibald - Gibson, Frederick W. - Gibson, George W. - Gibson, Robert Thompson - Gifford, Alexander - Gifford, George - Giles, John - Gilfillan, John - Gill, David - Gill, George Clinton - Gill, Thomas Bliss - Gillespie, Catharine - Gillespie, Emma - Gillespie, Hugh - Gillespie, Maria - Gillett, John - Gillitt, William - Gillmore, William - Gilmore, Henry Charles Cameron - Ginger, Alfred Baker - Girault, Peter - Glendinning, Edwin - Glover, Joseph - Glover, William - Gobbitt, James - Godden, Isaac - Godden, John - Godden, Richard - Gold, Thomas - Goldstone, Samuel - Good, Denis - Good, James - Goodburn, Benjamin - Gooden, David - Goodricke, John Richardson - Goodwill, James - Goodwill, Thomas - Goodwin, Charles - Goodwin, Edward - Goodwin, George - Goodwin, Henry - Gordge, William - Gordon, Capt. Alexander - Gordon, Arthur - Gordon, John Anderson - Gordon, Margaret (Mrs David Barton) - Gordon, William James - Gould, Thomas - Goulden, Alfred Methley - Goulden, Charlotte Hobday (Mrs Alexander McLeod) - Govan, James - Gower, Dr Samuel - Grafton, Richard William - Graham, A. Rowland - Graham, Joseph - Graham, Simon - Graham, William - Grainger, William - Grange, Josiah G. - Granger, John - Grant, John (born c. 1791) - Grant, John (born 1837) - Grant, John Hannibal - Grant, Nelson - Grant, Samuel - Grant, Walter - Grantham, Major James - Gray, David - Gray, Frederick - Gray, John - Gray, William Morton - Greathead, Thomas - Greaves, Francis Mills - Greaves, George Duly - Greaves, George William - Greaves, John W. - Green, Caroline - Green, Charles Edward Andrew - Green, Revd James - Green, James Harter - Green, John (born c. 1823) - Green, John (born c. 1827) - Green, Joseph - Green/Greene, Laurence Henry St John - JohnGreen, Sam W. - Green, Thomas - Green, William (ex Douglas, 1849) - Green, William (ex Sovereign) - Greenacre, Sir Benjamin Wesley - Greenaway, George - Greenaway, James - Greening, Elisha Smith - Greening, Richard Olenthus - Greenwood, Mary (Mrs James Hardman) - Greetham, James - Gregory, Charles (born c. 1831) - Gregory, Charles (born c. 1832) - Gregory, Jacob Davis - Gregory, Thomas George - Greig, Andrew Fletcher - Gresham, Thomas - Greville, Chaloner - Greville, Robert N. - Grice, Elizabeth - Grice, John - Grieve, William John - Griffin, Charles Carter - Griffin, Patrick - Griffin, Stephen William Bill - Griffith, Edward - Griffiths, Edwin Philip Jones - Griffiths, John Roger - Griffiths, Thomas Powis - Groom, Betsey (Mrs William Todd) - Groom, Edward - Groom, Ellen (Mrs George Hillary) - Groom, Mary - Groom, Richard - Groom, Thomas - Groombridge, (ex John Line) - Grosvenor, Revd James - Grosvenor, Robert - Grundy, James - Gudgeon, John - Gurley, Peter - Gutridge, Thomas - Guy, John 

British Settlers in Natal, South Africa; 1824 - 1857  
by Shelagh O'Byrne Spencer  
Expert Genealogical Research on the first wave of British Immigration to Natal  

Families Covered - H to M (Still to be published) - H - I - J - K - L - M 

H - Haigh, George - Hair, Elizabeth Martin - Hair, Helen Hamilton - Hair, John - Hale, Edwin - Haley or Healey, Michael - Hall, George (born c. 1812) - Hall, George (born c. 1825) - Hall, John Alexander - Hall, John Jervis - Hall, Thomas Wykes - Hall, William - Hallett, James - Halloway, John - Halstead, Thomas - Hambridge, William - Hamilton, David - Hamilton, William - Hammond, Charles - Hammond, Fred H. - Hammond, Thomas - Hamp, Edward Alexander - Hampshire, Eli - Hampson, Joseph - Hancock, James - Hancock, Joseph Ebenezer - Hancock, Thomas - Handley, Charles George Hepburn - Handley, James - Handley, Thomas - Hankey, Thomas - Hannah, William T. - Hannon, Daniel - Hanscombe, Alfred - Hansor, James William - Hantot, James - Harben, John - Harcourt, Joseph - Harcourt, William Frederick - Harding, William Walter - Hardisty, Jane (Mrs Thomas Buttery) - Hardman, James - Hardwick, Henry - Hardwick, Robert - Hare, George - Hargreaves, James - Hargreaves, Thomas - Hargreaves, William - Harley, Grace Browse - Harley, John - Harman, William James - Harper, Henry - Harper, Isaac - Harper, Thomas - Harper, William - Harrington, Benjamin - Harris, Elizabeth - Harris, George - Harris, John Robert - Harris, John William - Harris, Jonathan G. - Harris, Joseph (born c. 1813) - Harris, Joseph (born c. 1830) - Harris, Samuel or Frederick - Harrison, Charles - Harrison, Charles Samuel - Harrison, Cuthbert J. - Harrison, Harriett - Harrison, Henry - Harrison, James - Harrison, John - Harrison, William - Harrisson, Timotheus - Hart, George - Hart, Henry - Hart, William - Hart, William West - Hartley, Joseph - Hartley, William - Harvey, Francis - Harvey, Josiah - Harvey, Richard - Harvey, William Frederick - Harvey, William Gaskell - Harwin, Mrs Mary - Hastie, Michael - Hatfield, Alexander - Hathorn, John Piper - Hawding, Edward - Hawken, Matthew - Hawkins, Arthur Caesar - Hawkins, Sophia (Mrs William Vear) - Hay, Edmund J. - Hayes, George Bevan - Hayes, John - Hayes, Michael - Hayes, Patrick - Haygarth, Joseph Williamson - Haynes, Edmund - Hayward, John Sebright - Hazelhurst, Edward - Healey, John George - Healey, Michael see Haley, Michael - Heap, Charles Rogers - Heap, Walter - Heathcote, George Gage - Henderson, John - Henderson, Joseph - Henderson, Robert - Henderson, Samuel - Henderson, William - Hendley, John - Hendry, James - Henning, Edwin - Henry, Lyster (alias) see Shire, Henry - Henwood, John - Henwood, Paul - Heppenstall, George R. - Herbert, Ewald Benedictus - Hern, George - Herrington/Hewington, Alfred - Herries, Jonathan - Herron, Hugh - Heslop, John - Hesom, George Thomas - Hesom, Robert - Hesslewood, George - Hewitson, David - Hewitt, James - Heys, Thomas - Heywood see Hayward, John Sebright - Hibberd, Benjamin William - Hicks, George - Higginson, William Leinster - Higham, John Henry - Highfield, George Bellwood - Hilder, Charles Henry - Hill, Clement John - Hill, John - Hill, John Barnby - Hill, Samuel - Hill, Thomas (born c. 1820) - Hill, Thomas (born c. 1826) - Hill, William - Hillary, George - Hillary, John - Hillary, William - Hilliard, Charles Henry - Hillier, Edward - Hillman, Alfred C. - Hilton, Henry - Hind, Thomas - Hinman, Thomas - Hinton, Thomas - Hirst, Abram - Hiscock, John - Hitchcock, Charlotte see Cartwright, S.E. - Hobbs, William - Hobday, Richard - Hobson, William Henry - Hodge, William - Hodges, Henry - Hodgson, Henry - Hodgson, James - Hodgson, Robert - Hodgson, Thomas - Hodgson, William Ashbourne - Hodnett, John Henry - Hodsdon, Charles - Hodson, James - Hoey or Honey or Huoy, Isidore Henry - Hogarth, Thomas - Hogg, John - Hoggarth, John - Hogshaw, William - Holden, Joseph - Holden, Revd William Clifford - Holding, William - Holgate, George Roland - Holgate, Joseph Benjamin - Holl, Samuel - Holland, Dr Edward William Holwell - Holliday, John David - Hollington, Daniel - Holman, Mrs Matilda - Holmans, Daniel - Holmes, James - Holmes, John Garner - Holmes, William - Holton, Henry Richard - Homewood, Alfred - Honey see Hoey - Hoodford, Eliza (Mrs George Hicks) - Hook, James - Hopkins, John - Hopley, Thomas Starr - Horn, Thomas - Hornby, William - Horne, Benjamin - Horne, William - Horning, James Ripley - Horning, William Penney - Horsley, Richard - Horsley, Thomas - Horton, Edward - Hosking, Margaret Mitchel (Mrs J.L. Paull) - Hoskins, Ann - House, Charles - Houston, John - Hovenden, Charles - Howard, Edward - Howard, John Hassall - Howden, Francis Welch - Howden, Montague - Howe, James - Howell, Hendrik Oostwald - Howell, James Michiel Gristock - Howell, Thomas Johannes - Howells, Thomas - Howes, George - Howes, William - Howroyd, Robert - Howse, Thomas - Hubbard, Alfred - Hubbard, Daniel - Hubbard, Jesse - Hudson, John Thomas - Hudson, Thomas - Hughes, Mrs Mary Ann (born Willson) - Hughes, William - Hulett, Sir James Liege - Hull, Daniel - Hulley, Richard Brangan - Hulme, Hugh - Hulme, Dr John Rhodes Davenport - Humble, Peter - Hume, Revd Charles - Hume, Edmund E. - Humphrey, Robert - Humphreys, William Clayton - Hunt, Adelaide - Hunt, Edward Henry - Hunt, Eliza - Hunt, George Peyton - Hunt, Samuel - Hunter, Caroline - Hunter, Moses - Hunton, Robert William Sanderson Raper - Huoy see Hoey - Hurst, Henry - Hurst, John E. - Hursthouse, William - Husher, Richard - Hussey, Henry - Hutchinson, William - Hutton, Adam - Hutton, Henry James Cooper - Hutton, John - Hyslop, Sarah 

I - Iliffe, William Gregory - Ingall, Richard - Inglis, James - Inkson, John alias Campbell, John - Inman, Mrs Emma - Ireland, Mrs Ann - Ireland, James - Ireland, Robert - Irons, Theophilus - Irons, William Josiah - Irvine, Augustus - Irwin, John - Isaacs, Nathaniel - Isham, Capt. Edmund 

 - J - Jackson, Francis Edwin - Jackson, George James - Jackson, John Davis - Jackson, John James - Jackson, Revd Joseph - Jackson, Joseph Allcock - Jackson, William Patrick - Jacobs, Frederick - Jacobs, James - Jacques, Alexander - Jacques, Edmund - Jacques, Emma Amelia (Mrs John Vanderplank) - Jacques, Henry - Jacques, Thomas Barclay - Jaffray, Peter - James, Henry F. - James, Joseph - James, Robert William - James, Thomas Payne - James, William (born c. 1823) - James, William (born c. 1828) - Jamieson, Alexander - Jardine, John - Jarman, William - Jarvis, George - Jee, Joseph Lawrence - Jeffels, Michael - Jefferd, John Harris - Jefferies, William - Jeffrey, Rebecca (Mrs W.R. Bryant) - Jeffreys, Revd George Yarnold - Jenkins, Revd John David - Jenkins, William Hopkins - Jennings, William - Jevons, James E. - Johnason, John James - Johnson, Mrs Catherine - Johnson, Henry - Johnson, James Philip - Johnson, Richard - Johnson, William - Johnston, Charles - Johnston, Dr Charles - Johnston, Henry - Johnston, John - Johnston, Robert Francis - Johnstone, Andrew - Johnstone, Augustus James - Johnstone, Bunting - Jolly, Robert Stratford - Jones, Charles - Jones, Dorothy - Jones, Edward - Jones, Henry - Jones, James Jordan - Jones, John - Jones, John Thomas - Jones, Robert - Jones, Samuel - Jones, Thomas - Jones, Thomas alias Brady, Bernard - Jones, William (born c. 1820) - Jones, William (born c. 1826) - Jordan, James - Jordan, Zachariah alias Pittman/Pettman, Zachariah - Joscelin, William alias Perkins, William alias Newton, William - Joslin, John - Josling, George - Joyce, Robert - Joyner, William - Judge, Mary 

 - K - Kaley, (ex Wilhelmina) - Kavanagh, Matthew - Kaye, Frederick B. - Keal, Stamforth - Keane, Anne - Kearns, Bernard - Keating, Richard - Keeley, Mary (Mrs W.J. Pole, later Mrs John Palframan) - Kelly, Benjamin Swete - Kelly, Patrick (born c. 1817) - Kelly, Patrick (born c. 1827) - Kelly, Thomas - Kelly, Dr Thomas Tear - Kemp, Thomas - Kemp, William - Kendall, Martha (Mrs William Mileman) - Kennedy, Andrew Brown - Kennedy, James - Kent, James - Kenyon, William - Kerivan, Hugh - Kermode, Edward - Kershaw, William Thompson - Kerslake, William - Kestell, Charles - Kilgour, John - Killoch, John T. - Kincade, Robert - King, Charles - King, Mrs Christianna - King, George - King, James Saunders - King, John (born c. 1791) - King, John (born c. 1799) - King, John (born 1810) - King, John (born c. 1819) - King, Michael Thomas - King, Richard Philip (Dick) - Kingham, R. - Kinghurst, James - Kingston, William - Kinloch, Frederick - Kinsman, George Whitfield - Kippen, George Adam Crooks - Kirby, George - Kirby, John - Kirk, Joseph - Kirk, Thomas - Kirkham, William Cable - Kirkman, Joseph - Knapp, David - Knight, Arthur - Knight, Edgar - Knight, Humphrey Evans - Knowles, John - Knowles, William (born c. 1826) - Knowles, William (born 1838) see Garner, William Knowles - Knox, Henry - Koch, John Daniel - Kruse, John B. - Kyle, Patrick 

L - Labron, Charles - Lacey, John - Laing, William see Lang, William - Lake, Chamberlane Hickman - Lally, Michael - Lamb, (ex Ceres) - Lambert, Mrs Eliza Elizabeth - Lambert, Rebecca (Mrs William Vionnee) - Lamond, George Belwood - Lamont, Alexander Philip - Lamport, Edward Parke - Landers, Joseph - Lang, William - Langford, Robert Samuel - Language, William - Lansdell, George - Lansdell, James - Latchford, John J. - Laurie, Robert N. - Lavender, George - Lawrance, Frederick - Lawrie, George Lancaster - Lawson, Lawson - Lawton, Richard - Lawton, Thomas - Leadbitter, John Graham - Leadley, Frederick Joseph - Leake, John - Lean, Joel - Leathern, William - Leathers, Edward John - Ledson, Thomas Moody - Lee, Edwin - Lee, George James - Lee, German - Lee, Henry - Leech, James Crampton (alias) see Crampton, James - Leeming, Robert - Leigh, James - Lello, Edward - Lello, William - Lennox, Peter - Leslie, Mrs Elizabeth (born Forbes) - Leslie, William - Lester, John - Lester, Robert Dixon Denham - Leuchars, Henry - Lewellin, Dr John Henry Hill - Lewis, Thomas - Lewis, William (ex British Tar) - Lewis, William (ex Globe) - Lindsay, James - Lindsay, Robert - Ling, William - Lister, William - Little, David - Littlewort, Charles T. - Liversage, Samuel - Livingston, James - Livingstone, Hugh - Lloyd, James (born c. 1791) - Lloyd, James (born c. 1827) - Lloyd, Jane - Lloyd, Capt. Walter - Lloyd, Revd William Henry Cynric - Loader, John - Loades, Edward - Lockwell, Sarah (Mrs William John Sheils) - Lodge, William - Lofthouse, Benjamin - Lofthouse, John - Logan, George Ainsley - Logan, James Fullerton - Logan, Robert - Logue, Charles - London, Edward - Long, Charles - Long, Henry Warren - Longcast, William - Lord, James - Lord, John Poyntz - Lovatt, William - Loveday, George - Low, Andrew - Low, Francis - Lowe, Peter - Loxton, Henry - Lucas, Anne - Lucas, Capt. Gould Arthur - Lucas, Jane - Lucas, Laurence John - Lucas, William - Ludlow, Dr William Henry - Luke, Charles - Luke, Henry Joseph - Lumb, Samuel - Lumsden, John - Lund, Benjamin (born c. 1822) - Lund, Benjamin (born c. 1827) - Lund, William - Lundie, Jonathan - Lundy, John - Luscombe, Henry - Lutman, William - Lyall, James - Lyle, Alexander - Lynn, Joseph 

M - McAdam, James - McAlister, Robert - McArthur, Alexander - McArthur, Donald - McBride, Adam - McCabe, Francis - McCabe, Hugh - McCalman, John - MacCawley, Thomas - McClelland, William - McCombie, Joseph Heyes - McCooey, Edward - McCorkindale, Alexander - McCormack, James - McCormick, Martin - McCovey, Edward see McCooey - McCrystal, Patrick - McDonald, Alexander - McDonald, Charles - McDonald, Donald - McDonald, Hugh - McDonald, James - McDonald, Thomas - McDonald, William - McDonell, Robert Taylor - McEvoy, Elizabeth (Mrs J.N. Wheeler) - McEvoy, Margaret (Mrs G.O. Matterson) - Macfarlane, George - Macfarlane, John - Macfarlane, Mary - Macfarlane, Thomas W. - Macfarlane, Walter - Macfarlane, William Stenhouse - McGeady or McGaydy or McGiddy, Edward - McGill, Edward Francis - McGregor, Daniel - McHardie, Joseph - Machell, John - McIntosh, Hector - McIntosh, James - McIntyre, Euphemia (Mrs Edwin Patrick) - McIntyre, John - Mack, Dr James - Mack, Robert Gazley - Mackay, James - McKay, Peter - McKeaney, John - McKechnie, John - McKechnie, Neil Johnston - McKellar, John - McKellar, Neil - McKen, Mark Johnston - Mackenzie, Alice - Mackenzie, Anne - McKenzie, Charles - Mackenzie, Revd Charles Frederick - McKenzie, Duncan - McKenzie, John (born c. 1818) - McKenzie, John (born c. 1822) - McKenzie, John Thomas - Mackenzie, Mrs Percess - Mackenzie, William (born 1816) - McKenzie, William (born c. 1818) - McKeown, William - Mackinnon, Lachlan - McKnea, James - McKnight, James - McLachlan, John - McLachlan, Peter - McLachlan, Robert M. - McLachlan, Thomas - McLaren, John - McLaren, Peter - MacLean, Alexander (born c. 1816) - McLean, Alexander (born c. 1827) - Maclean, Alexander (born c. 1828) - McLean, Alexander (born 1834) - Maclean, Charles Rawden alias Ross, John - McLean, John (born c. 1825) - McLean, John (born 1840) - McLean, William Hay - Maclean, William Hector (Moses) - McLeod, Edward - McLeod, George More - McLeod, Roderick - McLeod, William - Macleroy, George - Macleroy, Thomas - McLindon, William - McMillan, Neil T. - McMillan, William - McMinn, William Hutchinson Calderwood - Macnab, Alexander - McNicol, Archibald - McPhail, Donald - Macpherson, Daniel - McPherson, John - Macrae, Kenneth - MacSorley, William - McWilliam, Christian (Mrs Samuel Button) - McWilliam, Mary (Mrs George Ross) - McWilliam, Peter - McWilliam, Thomas - Maddock, Peter - Madigan, Richard - Magee, John - Maguire, Charles - Maguire, John Rhind - Maguire, Robert - Major, Stephen John - Mallandain, George Robert - Mallet, Charles - Mallis, Nelson - Maltby, Matthew - Mann, Alexander John Augustus - Mann, Dr Robert James - Mannington, James - Marchant, George - Marcus, George - Marillier, Henry Philip Augustus - Markham, Revd Benjamin - Markham, James Frederick - Marriott, George - Marriott, Thomas O.P. - Marsalsey, Sarah Jane (Mrs J.J. Bilham) - Marshall, Atherstone Corbet - Marshall, Cuthbert N. - Marshall, John - Marshall, William (born 1814) - Marshall, William (born c. 1830) - Martin, (ex Jane Morice, July 1851) - Martin, John - Martin, John W. - Martin, Thomas James - Martin, William - Mason, Revd Frederick - Mason, Revd George Holditch - Mason, James - Mason, Joseph - Mason, Richard - Mason, Robert - Mason, Robert Charles - Masterman, Isabella (Mrs Frederick Jacobs) - Masterman, Prudence (Mrs James Philip Johnson) - Matterson, George Octavius - Matterson, John Kitching - Matthews, Frederick - Matthison, Angus - Maurice, Mrs Elizabeth (born King) (later Mrs William Lutman, later Mrs Thomas Green) - Mawby, William - Maxwell, Francis Severn - Maxwell, Patrick Joseph - May, John Meredith - Mayne, Charles Washington - Mayo, George - Mayoss, Henry George - Maytom, Alfred - Mead, John Laurence - Meadows, James see Metters, James - Medley, John - Meek, John - Meller, Henry James - Mellerd, (ex Ceres) - Mellersh, Gawen - Mellersh, Robert - Mellish, Thomas Robert - Melrose, Robert - Melville, James - Melville, John (alias) see Foley John Melville - Merryweather, James - Mesham, Arthur - Mesham, Charles - Mesham, Lloyd Evans - Metcalfe, George - Methley, James Erasmus - Methley, Revd John - Methley, Thomas - Methuen, Revd H.H. - Metters, James - Meyer, John - Middleborough, Elijah James - Middlebrook, Matthew - Middleton, William Henry - Mileham, John - Mileman, William (ex Hebrides) - Mileman, William (ex Sovereign) - Miles, John - Miles, William Perkins - Millan, James - Millar, John - Millar, Mary - Miller, David - Miller, George - Miller, James - Miller, James Black - Millett, Alfred - Milloy, Neil - Milne, George - Milne, John - Milne, Thomas - Milner, Henry - Milner, Philip Splidt - Milner, Thomas Cross - Mitchell, James - Mitchell, William Ferrier - Mitchley, Thomas J. - Milloy, Dr (ex Jane Morice, July 1851) - Molton, William - Monies, John Hugh - Moodie, Donald - Moor, Frederick William - Moore, Alfred - Moore, Arthur Godfrey - Moore, David - Moore, Jane (Mrs Richard Thomas?) - Moore, Robert - Moore, William - Morehead, Thomas David Wilson - Moreland, John Swales - Morewood, Edmund - Morgan, Edward Lewis - Morgan, Hugh Thomas - Morgan, Richard Elliott - Morley, Mary (Mrs Richard Smithers) - Morris, George William - Morrison, Alexander - Morrison, Andrew - Morrison, Robert - Morton, George - Morton, Thomas - Morton, William Frederic - Moss, Charles Gabriel - Moss, John - Moss, Robert Arnold - Moss, Samuel - Moss, Thomas - Mossop, James - Moughan or Moughin, James - Mould, William - Moyles, Henry James - Muirhead, Andrew - Mulhall, Martin - Mullenger, William - Mullett, James - Mullins, John - Munday, John - Munro, Byron - Munro, James Wright (alias) see Munro, William (born c. 1818) - Munro, Roderick - Munro, William (born c. 1818) alias James Wright Munro - Munro, William (born c. 1833) - Munroe, Alexander - Murdoch, Alexander Cruikshanks Jolly Shand - Murdoch, John James - Mure, Alexander - Murphy, Joseph Edward - Murray, Archibald Keir sen. - Murray, Archibald Keir jun. - Murray, Fergus - Murray, Patrick - Murray, William - Myers, Thompson 


This wooden three-master of 744 tons, built in New Brunswick in 1849, was not of course a Byrne ship but the replacement for the Pallas, the vessel chartered by Henry Boast for his Yorkshire party and condemned as unseaworthy on the eve of sailing. This unsuspected setback threw a number of the poorer emigrants on Henry Boast's hands, since they had committed themselves by disposing of their homes etc. From April until July they waited in Hull until J. Rylands the shipowner supplied his new ship Haidee for the voyage to Natal. Boast was found liable by a magistrate's court for their maintenance and bravely faced this commitment from his own funds which, unfortunately, were soon exhausted. The vexation and worry caused his death in May from brain-fever before the Haidee sailed, but his wife Mary, a new widow with three little girls, bravely took over her husband's task and accompanied the party of 246 emigrants to Natal. Only eight or nine of the original party backed out. On 10 July 1850 the Haidee sailed, with a send-off from many Hull well-wishers. She arrived off the Bluff on 7 October 1850 after a pleasant voyage. The Haidee's end was a tragic but not unusual one for the ships of her day. On 19 April 1863 she was lost in mid-ocean. 

Source: Natal Settler Agent: the career of John Moreland, agent for the Byrne emigration scheme of 1849-1851 by Dr. John Clark published by A.A. Balkema/Cape Town, 1972 ISBN 0 86961 019 8, p. 259 

HAIDEE REUNION - 7th October 1850 - 7th October 2000 

This page is dedicated to the Haidee Settlers who came to Natal, South Africa in 1850 from the East and North Ridings of Yorkshire, England. 

1"The largest body of men and women from Britain to come to Natal in the years 1849-51 left village and farm homesteads in the East Riding of Yorkshire. Many of them farmed on the wolds north-west of Hull, in Arthur Young's days little better than a rabbit warren but now cleared of furze and broken up into enclosed estates. Oats and barley were cultivated on the higher ground, but the greater part, its fertility restored by root crops, was devoted to sheep. In the neighbourhood of Driffield and Market Weighton, farms had a comfortable and prosperous look. Drainage had made it possible to grow turnips, and a light and serviceable wheel plough had been introduced. At Sledmere, Sir Tatton Sykes had enclosed his considerable estate, dividing it into large farms used mainly for sheep, Leicesters with later a Lincoln strain.2 Nevertheless, in the bad years at the close of the decade, there was much distress. The two-crop and fallow rotation still survived on the heavy clay soils. It was difficult to extend the area of land tilled, and discouraging even to make the attempt at a time when prices were falling. At Hull and Leeds, in January 1850, there was very little demand for wheat except at drastically cut prices. Farmers were obliged to sell stock to pay their rents whilst labourers could no longer afford a meat and flour diet for the family, and fell back on bran puddings for the children. Nor was there alternative employment easily procurable. The railway lines between Malton and Driffield, and between Market Weighton and Beverley, begun some years back, had not been completed and work on them was in 1849 abandoned. Coaches began to run again on the roads. In the villages there was less work for those with hand-looms, and less demand for the knitted stockings and woollen caps worked for the seamen. The country towns lived largely by the manufacture of agricultural requisites and corn mills, for which the demand showed a steep decline. 

Such were the conditions in the East Riding when Henry Boast, conceived of his project of co-operative emigration to Natal. The son of a prosperous North Dalton farmer and a nephew of Mark Boast, the anti corn pamphleteer, he had been appointed by the Yorkshire agricultural society to carry out, with the secretary, a survey of the southern counties. The society was a most progressive body, with its own journal and a record of widespread improvements, stimulated by prizes. Boast himself had been something of a pioneer in the application of chemical manures, and when in 1843 he took a lease of Osgodby Hall, near Thirsk, he received pupils to study farm management. He was a warm advocate of the improved agricultural machinery which firms like that of William Crosskill of Beverley were now manufacturing. And as a Wesleyan local preacher, he had personal contacts which made him well-known outside the East Riding. The onset of hard times led to widespread discussion of emigration, and Boast heard of the various schemes, some of them under Methodist auspices, for the colonisation of Natal. Methley's book3 made a strong appeal. It was evenutally decided to form a committee to study the details of Byrne's agreement with the Colonial Office, and to frame a plan for a co-operative system of settlement. Boast's principal associates were William Lund of Sheriff Hutton, James Tutin of Brompton and Benjamin Lofthouse."1 

"The committee assisting Henry Boast consisted of Samuel Cordukes, Robert Smith (1804-1881), Richard Brough, Joseph Smith, William Lund, and James Tutin. The latter two preceded the main party on the Herald in order to find suitable land."4 The emigrants "deposited two thousand pounds with the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners and chartered a ship, the Pallas, from a Hull shipowner, Joseph Rylands. Arrangements for sailing were complete and passengers were converging on Hull when the official emigration-officer at the seaport condemned the Pallas as unseaworthy. Accommodation and food were need for the 240 stranded emigrants until Rylands could get a substitute ship, the Haidee, ready. A court case established the fact that Henry Boast, not Rylands, was responsible in law for these allowances and he used up most, if not all, of his own money in maintaining his fellow-emigrants until the second ship was ready. The intense anxiety caused brain-fever and he died at a friend's house in Hull before the Haidee sailed."5 

His wife, Mary Boast, daughter of Joseph Smith, took over the scheme and was joined by her father and another relative, Dr. Charles Bird Boast, sailed as the ship's doctor. The Haidee left Hull on 10 July 1850 and arrived at Port Natal on 7 October 1850. Jane and Amy Plummer (sisters) and their brother, George, were passengers on the Haidee and the first night that Jane and Amy Plummer spent on board the Haidee was 14 May 1850. From what is reputed to be Jane Plummer's Diary,6 we learn about the delay in Hull and the Settlers' arrival at Port Natal on 7 October 1850. 

 11 June 1850 -"This day the members of the Wesleyan Society on our ship have been divided into classes and we are to meet at the vestry of Waltham Street Chapel to receive tickets. Mr. Prest, Mr. Jackson and Mr. Lewelyen were present. Mr. Prest gave an exhortation in which he exhorted us to cleave to God whether prosperity or adversity should be our portion and set an example worthy of imitation in the Country which we have adopted as our future home..." 

 27 June 1850 -"Mr. Stockhill, Mr. Lund, Mr. Foggitt, Brother, Miss E. Coulson, Sister Jane and I had a delightful sail across the Humber in a boat to a place called Paul. We walked about in the green fields an hour or two and then sailed back to Hull. In the afternoon we attended a Tea Meeting in the Sailor's Institute which was provided by the Mayor and others for the emigrants on board the Haidee. Several ladies and gentlemen were present who are not of our company. After the tea, speeches were delivered by several gentlemen, with, I. Henwood Esqr. in the chair. The Lieutenant said he hoped we should sail either on Saturday or Sunday." 

 10 July 1850 -"At half past 7 o'clock we weighed anchor and reached Grimsby Roads at half past ten, but the time of our final departure is still uncertain as we have left two young men at Hull considered to be beginning the Smallpox. One of them is G. Leckonby the man we had engaged to go with us, the other a stonemason of the name of Preston." 

 On the 13th July 1850 we read that the passengers awoke "….at 6 o'clock…, most of us very sick. Some of us with great difficulty dressed ourselves and crawled on deck, where we found ourselves somewhat relieved. Most of the passengers were more or less affected with seasickness, although the sea was unusually calm. We have passed Margate, Ramsgate and Deal, and we have seen by the aid of a telescope, the Duke of Wellington's Seat and now distinctly see the beautiful White Cliffs of Dover." 

 Monday 7 October 1850 - "Soon this morning we were told that land was visible. About 7 o'clock we looked through our windows and again beheld the green mountains. We were soon on deck and discovered what the Captain thought would be the Bluff which forms the one side of the Bay of Natal. This proved to be as expected for the lighthouse and flag staff on the top of which we soon saw waving in the breeze the colours which meant 'What ship is that and whither bound?' We answered 'The Haidee from Hull'. Others were then hoisted signifying they had sent to report us at D'Urban. We sailed delightfully until opposite the bay and then dropped anchor at half past ten o'clock am. The harbour master came on board bring with him a letter from Mr. Lund to Mr. Boast, Smith (Robert) and others. Messrs Tutin and Lund are in the neighbourhood and in good health. Two surfboats were sent from the port to land the passengers as the ship is much too large to cross the bar. They were filled with goods and passengers and proceeded to the landing place which is about three miles distant." 

 Tuesday 8 October 1850 - "Left the ship Haidee at twelve o'clock after living on board five months and four days. We have made a good passage for the season. We have been twelve weeks and one day while others have been seventeen weeks and sailed from London. We had a rather tedious sail in the boats, the wind being against us - it rained nearly all the way which made it very unpleasant as we were rather crowded. We were about 70 passengers with a great deal of luggage and beds." 

 From the 'Kit Bird Collection'7 of Papers at the Pietermaritzburg Archives in Natal, we have the recollections of William Smith, son of Robert Smith (1804-1881) about the time spent in Durban "We stayed in Durban for a little more than a month and thus lost no time in getting to our allotments at York. My father, not knowing whether or not he would be able to procure a wagon in the Colony, brought out one of his best farm wagons. Thirteen of us travelled by that wagon to York. Twelve left but thirteen arrived at York, there having been a birth on the way, so you see we lost no time adding to the population of the Colony. 

 We started to work on our arrival by putting up huts and temporary houses for shelter. We also commenced to plough the land for the following season. Our first crops were chiefly mealies and forage. 

 All the immigrants brought out a little money with them and as cattle were cheap in those days, all those with few exceptions who took up allotments at York, succeeded fairly well. Of course, we had our reverses and loss, having to gain our experiences but I do not find that a single one of them was dissatisfied at coming out." 

 In a booklet on The Church of St John the Evangelist, York, Natal, 1877-1977 by Ethel Norma Paterson, we read that York Township "…was laid out on the farm Mieliehoogte which was bought for Mr. Boast by Mr. Lund. There were no roads, very little equipment, labour was scarce and so were oxen for ploughing. But those pioneers were brave and determined: they made bricks and built houses, and a branch road was made from the Pietermaritzburg - Mooi River road which then ran through Otto's Bluff through Mr. P.A.R. Otto's farm. They soon became fine farmers and the Yorkshire immigrants became the chief grain producers in Natal. Wagons loaded with grain, salted butter, hides, bacon and timber sawn in the local natural bush were driven to the market in Maritzburg for sale. Originally their houses and churches were sod or wattle-and-daub and thatched, but as they began building better houses using yellow-wood sawn in the Karkloof for the flooring, ceilings, doors and furniture, so they built better churches. St. John's Church of England, later known as Anglican, was opened in 1877." 

From documents held at the Registrar of Deeds in Pietermaritzburg, we learn that Robert Smith (1804-1881) bought Lots 3,39 and 72 from William Lund and subsequently transferred these to William Palframan on 31 March 1853 who, in turn, transferred these lots to Samuel Cordukes on 22 April 1864. Samuel Cordukes transferred Lot 3 to the Church of England on 5 December 1876. 

That the Haidee Settlers were committed to the task of making a success in their new home is borne out by the following compliment paid to them by John Moreland, on a visit to the settlers at York two years after their arrival "Your party was the only one that as a body could be looked upon as really useful emigrants. You have not only been accustomed throughout your lives to agricultural pursuits in England but have been engaged now nearly two years in following the same occupation in Natal."5 

1. The British Settlement of Natal. A Study in Imperial Migration by Alan F. Hattersley, M.A. published by The Syndics of the Cambridge University Press, 1950. London Office: Bentley House N.W.1. American Branch: New York. Agents for Canada, India, and Pakistan: Macmillan. Printed in Great Britain at the University Press, Cambridge (Brooke Crutchley, University Printer) pp.152-154 
2.G.E. Fussell: Farming Systems in the N. and E. Ridings of Yorkshire, 1946, pp.22-3 
3.The New Colony of Port Natal republished by H. Walker, Leeds. 
4.British Settlers in Natal, 1824-1857, Vol. 2. A Biographical Register by Shelagh O'Byrne Spencer published in 1983 by University of Natal, P.O. Box 375, Pietermaritzburg. 3200. Natal, South Africa. ISBN 0 86980 266 6, p.xix 
5.Natal Settler-Agent. The Career of John Moreland agent for the Byrne emigration-scheme of 1849-51 by Dr. John Clark published by A.A. Balkema/Cape Town/1972 ISBN 0 86961 019 8, p.161 
6.Plummer, Jane: Diary, 1850. Typescript. (J.B. Geldart, Corquidale, Elandskop) 
7.Bird, Christopher (Kit): Pietermaritzburg, Natal Archives. 
8.Copy of Haidee photograph kindly provided by the Local History Museum, Durban. 


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